How to hack a Website or websites database

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 Hello friends , welcome back to hacking class, today i will explain all the methods that are being used to hack a website or websites database. This is the first part of the class “How to hack a website or Websites database” and in this i will introduce all website hacking methods. Today I will give you the overview and in later classes we will discuss them one by one with practical examples. So guys get ready for first part of Hacking websites class…. Don’t worry i will also tell you how to protect your websites from these attacks and other methods like hardening of SQL and hardening of web servers and key knowledge about CHMOD rights that what thing should be give what rights…

Note : This post is only for Educational Purpose only.



What are basic things you should know before website hacking?
First of all everything is optional as i will start from very scratch. But you need atleast basic knowledge of following things..
1. Basics of HTML, SQL, PHP.
2. Basic knowledge of Javascript.
3. Basic knowledge of servers that how servers work.
4. And most important expertize in removing traces otherwise u have to suffer consequences.
Now First two things you can learn from a very famous website for basics of Website design with basics of HTML,SQL,PHP and javascript.

And for the fourth point that you should be expert in removing traces . For this you can refer to first 5 hacking classes and specially read these two…
1. Hiding Yourself from being traced.
2. Removing your Traces 

As we know traces are very important. Please don’t ignore them otherwise you can be in big trouble for simply doing nothing. so please take care of this step. 

METHODS OF HACKING WEBSITE:

1. SQL INJECTION
2. CROSS SITE SCRIPTING
3. REMOTE FILE INCLUSION
4. LOCAL FILE INCLUSION
5. DDOS ATTACK 
6. EXPLOITING VULNERABILITY.

1. SQL INJECTION
 First of all what is SQL injection? SQL injection is a type of security exploit or loophole in which a attacker “injects” SQL code through a web form or manipulate the URL’s based on SQL parameters.  It exploits web applications that use client supplied SQL queries.
The primary form of SQL injection consists of direct insertion of code into user-input variables that are concatenated with SQL commands and executed. A less direct attack injects malicious code into strings that are destined for storage in a table or as metadata. When the stored strings are subsequently concatenated into a dynamic SQL command, the malicious code is executed.

For more basic knowledge about SQL injection visit: 

The above tutorial consists of both types of SQL injection i.e. Manual and automatic through softwares. I will explain SQL injection in more detail with practical example in Next class.


2. CROSS SITE SCRIPTING

  Cross site scripting (XSS) occurs when a user inputs malicious data into a website, which causes the application to do something it wasn’t intended to do.  XSS attacks are very popular and some of the biggest websites have been affected by them including the FBI, CNN, Ebay, Apple, Microsft, and AOL. 
Some website features commonly vulnerable to XSS attacks are:
•  Search Engines
•  Login Forms
•  Comment Fields 

Cross-site scripting holes are web application vulnerabilities that allow attackers to bypass client-side security mechanisms normally imposed on web content by modern browsers. By finding ways of injecting malicious scripts into web pages, an attacker can gain elevated access privileges to sensitive page content, session cookies, and a variety of other information maintained by the browser on behalf of the user. Cross-site scripting attacks are therefore a special case of code injection.

 I will explain this in detail in later hacking classes. So keep reading..

3. REMOTE FILE INCLUSION
Remote file inclusion is the most often found vulnerability on the website.
Remote File Inclusion (RFI) occurs when a remote file, usually a shell (a graphical interface for browsing remote files and running your own code on a server), is included into a website which allows the hacker to execute server side commands as the current logged on user, and have access to files on the server. With this power the hacker can continue on to use local
exploits to escalate his privileges and take over the whole system. 
RFI can lead to following serious things on website :

  • Code execution on the web server
  • Code execution on the client-side such as Javascript which can lead to other attacks such as cross site scripting (XSS).
  • Denial of Service (DoS)
  • Data Theft/Manipulation

 4. LOCAL FILE INCLUSION
  Local File Inclusion (LFI) is when you have the ability to browse through the server by means of directory transversal. One of the most common uses of LFI is to discover the /etc/passwd file. This file contains the user information of a Linux system. Hackers find sites vulnerable to LFI the same way I discussed for RFI’s.
Let’s say a hacker found a vulnerable site, www.target-site.com/index.php?p=about, by means of directory transversal he would try to browse to the /etc/passwd file: 

   www.target-site.com/index.php?p= ../../../../../../../etc/passwd

I will explain it in detail with practical websites example in latter sequential classes on Website Hacking.

5. DDOS ATTACK

Simply called distributed denial of service attack. A denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) or distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack) is an attempt to make a computer resource unavailable to its intended users. Although the means to carry out, motives for, and targets of a DoS attack may vary, it generally consists of the concerted efforts of a person or people to prevent an Internet site or service from functioning efficiently or at all, temporarily or indefinitely. In DDOS attack we consumes the bandwidth and resources of any website and make it unavailable to its legitimate users.
 For more detailed hack on DDOS visit:

6.EXPLOTING VULNERABILITY

Its not a new category it comprises of above five categories but i mentioned it separately because there are several exploits which cannot be covered in the above five categories. So i will explain them individually with examples. The basic idea behind this is that find the vulnerability in the website and exploit it to get the admin or moderator privileges so that you can manipulate the things easily.

I hope you all now have a overview of that what is Website Hacking. In consecutive future  classes i will explain all of these techniques in details. So guys keep reading..

IF YOU HAVE ANY QUERIES ASK IN COMMENTS…

Author Bio

Lokesh Singh

Hello Friends, i am Lokesh Singh, certified Ethical hacker ( CEH, SSA, CSIF , CISSP). Have 8+ years of extensive experience in Ethical Hacking, Cyber Security and Penetration Testing domain.

10 Comments
  1. raman

    December 12, 2010 at 1:48 pm

    as always awesome man… really nice tutorial…

  2. munish

    December 12, 2010 at 5:30 pm

    nice one

  3. Anonymous

    December 13, 2010 at 12:39 pm

    great guide, thanks …

  4. Tarun

    December 13, 2010 at 3:37 pm

    simply superb brother… keep it up. We are looking forward to your future tutorials…

  5. Himanshu

    December 15, 2010 at 3:32 am

    Keep the awesome work going !!

  6. Anonymous

    December 16, 2010 at 8:20 pm

    Hello,

    Could you write in your blog about my animated Christmas trees for desktop?

    Screenshot:
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    Homepage:
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    Description:
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    If you are decorating your home for Christmas, why not do the same with your computers desktop?
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    A Christmas tree on your desktop that can remind you of how many days are left until Christmas, or even the New Year!

    It can be set to optionally stay on top of other windows, while the transparency is fully adjustable.
    Christmas trees – absolutely freeware.

    Merry Christmas :)

  7. Anonymous

    December 18, 2010 at 10:04 pm

    great tutorial buddy i hope you make new tutorials as soon as possibile xDDD … if you know Zend Amf server how to do it … pse make a tutorial for me :) thnx

  8. Vijay Kumar

    December 28, 2010 at 11:40 am

    hey dude can i kno how to hack my college website?
    sjpu.com

    plz help me!

  9. Anonymous

    January 12, 2011 at 5:29 pm

    good job man

  10. //#@//

    January 16, 2011 at 5:50 am

    gud one dude..

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